Note in the following, the pronunciation guide is based on the chanting style of Nishijima Roshi as heard in this YouTube video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xYiXETKajU)
大 哉 解 脱 服
無 相 福 田 衣
披 奉 如 來 教
廣 度 諸 衆 生
Key to some notations.
N = Nelson’s Japanese English Character Dictionary - On reading (Chinese) is in all caps - Kun reading (Japanese sound assigned to character) is in lowercase italics.
Breen = http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/cgi-bin/wwwjdic.cgi?1C
Breen:B = Buddhist Dictionary
Breen:G: = General Dictionary
M = http://www.mandarintools.com/worddict.html
Bc = http://www.buddhism-dict.net/dealt/search-dealt3.html (the CKJV branch)
Bd = http://www.buddhism-dict.net/ddb/ (the DDB branch – Digital Dicitonary of Buddhism).
T = http://tangorin.com/
➸ comments in red, following arrows, are my observations
|大 ||N 1133 → DAI. large, huge, grand ❧|
|哉||N 779 → ➀ SAI. kana. How!, What!, Alas! ➁ ya. question mark ➸ a japanese particle |
➸ Though the kun reading ‘kana’ is used often in haiku and seems rather introspective, "sai" is a joyous, outgoing
|解||N 5548 → GE. explanation, key, understanding ❧ |
T → unravel; notes; key;
explanation; understanding; untie; undo; solve; answer; cancel ❧
|脱||N 4822 → DATSU. removing ❧ |
T → undress; removing; escape from; get rid of; be left out; take off ❧
|服||N 4775 → FUKU. Clothes ❧ |
T → 私服【しふく】civilian clothes; plain clothes ❧
|哉 - sai |
|無 ||N 3439 → MU / BU. Nothing, nil, negation ❧|
|相 ||N 3920 → SOU. aspect, phase, physiognomy ❧ |
Breen:G → ➀ appearance; look; countenance ➁ a 'seeming' that fortune-tellers relate to one's fortune ➂ -lingustics-
aspect ➃ -physics- phase (e.g. solid, liquid and gaseous) ❧
➸ Watch out for this other character which is almost exactly the same - 柤 (N 2606). Note the longer stroke under the "eye" radical. It has the On reading "so". I chased this confusion for a long time.
|福 ||N 4105 → FUKU. fortune, blessing, luck ❧ |
T→ common noun: good fortune ❧
|田 ||N 3727 → DEN. t/da. Rice field ❧|
|衣 ||N 5420 → E. Garment ❧ |
➸ ‘e’ appears to be a specific singular, fuku is the group. Fuku is like clothing or costume. A kimono is one ‘e’ of Japanese ‘fuku’.
|無 相 – musou |
More to come in the next post....